The capital of the United States of America was
founded in 1791 in the District of Columbia. The capital received the name of
Washington — after the name of the commander-in-chief of the American army in
the War for Independence who became the first President of the United States.
President Washington himself took an active part in choosing the place for the
capital. He invited a famous French engineer, Pierre Charles L'Enfant. With a
help and advice of Washington, he drew a plan of a city with straight streets
running far into a great distance. It was something new in those days.
There is a law in Washington against building
structures higher than the Capitol; therefore it represents a different
appearance from New York with its sky-scrapers. The Capitol, where the Congress
meets is a very high and beautiful building with white marble columns. It is in
the very centre of the city. Four avenues radiate from the Capitol dividing the
city into four parts. Not far from the Capitol is the Library of Congress. It
holds five million books. Today Washington is a city which attracts a lot of
tourists by its fashionable hotels, restaurants and sightseeing attractions as
“Mount Vernon” the house of the first president George Washington, the Lincoln
Memorial, the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, the White House and others. The
White House, the residence of the president, is the oldest public structure in
the capital and one of the most beautiful. Among the newer buildings one of the
most imposing is the National Gallery of Art.
The city of Washington, with its long wide avenues,
with shady trees on both sides, its low buildings and its crowds of government
officials is very interesting and beautiful.
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