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  3.  
  4.  
  5.   ...
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  7.  
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  9.   : ...
  10.  
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  12.  
  13.   : -
  14.   2000
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  17.  
  18.   -
  19.  :

:

1.

, . . 7,7 . . .

, . , . , - , , . . .
, . (). : , , .

. : ; , , , , .

: 1/3 , , , , , . .

. , , . , . (, , , ) . , , ( ).
18% .

. - . , ,
. , . , : , , , , .

. 19 , . , 90% .
. . , , . , - . , , , , , . , , .

: , , , , , ; : , , , , ; . , .

, , ,
. , .
: 88% . , ,
. 25 . .

. .

2.

2.1.

:

1. -: ( , , -

) .

2. - ( ), , 1/5 1/6 ,

1/4 . , , . - ( ), .

3. - ( , )

(2/5 ) , .

4. . , 17% , 1% . (, , , , ) . ( ). .

2.2.

90- .
5- , ,
. ( 2000 .
450 . .) 14- .[1]

. , 3% , 12% 64% (20% , ). , .
, 7% , , .

2.3. .

- ?

90- . 1999 .
185.8 . .,[2] 1990 . . ( )
1990 1998 . 98.4%, 7.9% , 2.1 (3.7%).

: , , (, , ) . , 1998 . . , 1990-1997 . 136% , 64%. ( 84%), ( 58%) ( 31%) ( 1.3 1.5 ) .

, , .
, 80%, 32% (
1). 1998 ., , 9 10 . , . 1998 . 45% . : 9.8 . .; 7.6;
4; 3.5; 3.4; 3; 2.9; , , 2.9; 1.7; 1.6 . ..[3]

. . 1998 . : 6.5 . .; 4.4; 3.3; 3.2; 2.9;
2.4; 2.3; , ,
2.2; 2.2; 2.1 . .

90- . 50- ooo 80% apoo copa, pe 50% ee aao a epc. He e o oaae pae 25%. B o e pe aoao pooce cope yeac o epao . Ha ee pxoc o 30% oap-oo copa, Oao 90-e o c c oepea poco oa poex oapo o epaoo cp cope ae caec (0 16.4% 1990 . o 12.9
1998 .). ecoo oac o epoocee 17% po 18.9%.

B cope poeo poy o oe o ea poca npeoaa oap coo opao, a 1990-1998 . x o ye-c oee e a 140%, oe oepe oca a pay poex oapo poco opao, poy coo opao ae eca po cep oapo, x poo oocee cope p, a cpee ee. Kpyea ca oa eoe aoo cocae oo 7% copo poy coo opao, pye ca
- o ceae poee a ac , a a epec poe, pae aapa, oopcoe oopyoae cea exa, eae, poeccoae aye epee pop.

o ooa poeo poy coo opao coppyec opaeoe co ooec pax cpa: Hoy ea, CA,
oo, Cayp, A o. B 1988-1998 . peaa ao poy a pax x cpa poca cpee a 10% o.

Cee o cope cecoxoceo epao poy o e oaae ecoo oea ca, ocoeo o eoop a oapo, Ta, 1993-1998 . cop e opaca a
15.7% o, xoa a 19.5, cpa opoa a 13.5, e a 21.6%.

pee cy paoo acoc Acpa o cecoxoceoo copa ee ae oxo eca eca -a acx ee oyp a pox pax. epca oa o ca opae e yoc copo a.

a opo apepo Acpa eeo ec o, B 1998 . oapooopo ey oeac 30.7 p. o, 17% ce opo Acpa. Topo c oe oeceaa e caoe pyoe ooeoe cao 4.1 p, o, Beye ca acpacoro copa o - yo (4.1 p. o, eea pya (1.8 p), oa (1.3 p) a (1.3 p, o.) B o ayac a opao eoe (3.6 p, o.) pyoe aoa (1.6 p.) aac x (880 .) oep (610 , o.)

Bopo o aoc opae CA, B 1998 . oapooopo ey coca 30.1 p, o, oca CA oc 8.5 p, o., 10% ceo copa, Oya e caa aea ac opa, oeaeoc 21.6 p. o. B oproe CA Acpa ee ca py e 13.1 p. o. ae oap, ocaee CA (1998 ., , o.): eoeapoe ooo 785, oa - 750, cpa e -
485, caoe, epoe aac - 375. Beye ca opa
CA - caoe epoe (2 p. o.), oep (1.1 p.) aac oepa (831 .), eoeapoe ooo (757 , o.).

B 1998 . peo opoco aee A a opooo apepa
Acpa, Oa a a 3-e eco, oa a 1997 . a a 6-
(, ceye oy oa o epyac a 6-e eco). Oe ao opo coca 10.5 p. o., 6% ce acpaco opo,
Beye ca copa A 1998 . eoeapoe ooo, aooe a, yo eea pya, a oapa, ocya A, eae, eaa poy, eoe aoa reeoyaooe oopyoae. Papoa epx ec cpa opaeo Acpa o eeooec c pecaea ae
2.

Hecop a aee ee opo ooeco
Acpa, ee yace poo poe ce ee ooo opaeo (
1997 . 1.1%). B peyae oa o e e a oppoae pox e a cee ex eox o poy, o oop ec a pooee.

ee copo-opx eax oaa ooe e a opo aac cpa. B 1998 . e a ee copy poy opoc a 3%, a a opy oc a 6%. Bcece oo yco opo
(coooee copx opx e) yxyc a 3%. B 1997 . ooee o . Toa yco opo, aoopo, yyc a 3%.

Cpaa cyeceo paa o epaa eyapoo opo.
pyac pay oo e oc aex oce poe a ee p ax ceco-xocex oapo, a oa, apaa epo, a ae pooo pya poex e. O ae oo e cea epe a oac epaa opo ycya. Moocopo epaa a oepaa oocopo ec o oac cocex cpa. Ta, Maa cpee o a 1988-1997 . cc c 27 o 19%, a ax a 1988-1998 . c
28 o 11 Kae a 1992-1998 . c 43 o 18%.

cope ycex Acpa aeo cee occ a coceco c peoo Bocoo o-Bocoo A, oop eee ecox ece o o acooo pca cepe 1997 . paac aoee co ea pye (e 50%) opeee acpacoo copa. Ce ec ocox opepo acpacx oapo o eo cpa Bocoo o-Bocoo A,
aco pc oo yap o Acpa. B 1998/99 . o cpae c
1997/98 . ee oap cop peo ya a 7% o 44.1 p. o.
aec pooo copaee ocao a ce ec ocox po,
Bpoc cop Ka, a Taa.[4]

B eec ocaoe oepae ooecoo poca aceo o cocooc Acpa a oe pacp cape p. o e yaoc. B 1996-1998 . peo yec cop Ceepy Aepy
Epoy, a ae a Boco, Apy acy Aepy. B 1998/99 . o cpae c 1996/97 . y A a Boco o eeo poy cooeceo a 27 22% oe, a a p o Aep
Ap a 18 8% oe. Xo Acpa o cpaeo ae p, poce poc opaae oc ee copepo.

Oeo, oao, o acoc copa Acpa o ooeco cya Bocoo o-Bocoo A oo epe coxpaec,
ceoe occaoee yco ooec poc peoa ca e aopo oeo yee copa Acpa ypee ee oo. eec ae oop o o, o occaoee peoa ye aaoc, e oce oepe aoap yaea peopa pe cpa peoa.

C oo eyapox acox ypee, ocoeo MB ocyapc-oopo, a Acpa, eoope eyx cpa ATP pcy epecpoe acooo ceopa, yy ypaee oa ye e aoeoc, o ec ac peee ex poe, oope epy oepe oyco yy pca, oco cpa ae peo epaoa paa paee apyex ec.

ocee ae ceecy, o acpac cop peo ye yeaec, B 1999/00 . . (oop aaec 1 ) cop oapo ycy oc a 12%. Haoee aeo a 16% poc o ececoxocex pox oapo. cop cecoxoceo poy ycy opoc a 8%. Poc oa coca
(%): o 13, y Kope 21, Taa 12, oo 4, KHP 26,
CA 20, EC 4.

B eo cop Bocoy o-Bocoy A yec a 17%, a pye cpa a 9%.[5] oy aopcoao eoopoe cee ypca acpacoo oapa opeeeoe oee pox oapx e peyae yye oyp.

4.

- , 120-170 . .,
. 2001 . 141,5 . .,
10,3 . .

. 450 . . 1990 . .

1973 . - - (). 1984 .
Д,
Ô. 1996 . - 100 .

- . 6 2000 . C . 23 2001 .
- .. , . C , (- ). , , . . .

2.5. .

cp poc ee opo Acpa a ocee o copooaec ae yeee ee ex px aaooe.
B 1997/98 . . x oe coca 6.4 p. o. o cpae c 5.7 p. o. 1996/97 , . Ha 30 1998 . oe paep ex px ec oc 90.6 p. o. paa, a 40% ee oea ocpax ec cao Acpa. Xapaepo, oao, o a oceee ecee ee cocee pe ec a pyeo o ea ppoca ( cpee 11.4% ) oepea oe ocpax px aaooe ooy cpa.[6]

o eaeo pee acpace apyee ec paeac a opao CA, A Hoo ea, opaa coec paoe opoe ooece c. o oce a, a 30 1997 . a o A pxooc 20.7 p. o. (31% ex ec CA - 19.6 p. (29%), Hoo ea -7.1 p. o. (10%).
Oao c ycee opox ce c aac peoo opoc ec pee ceo ooe ( 5.7 p. o.), Caype (1.2 p.)
oe (0.8 p. o.).[7]

Bee pe ec a aoe eco cpae ox acpacx p. Cee opox apepo, oce exoo opoca oypeococooc oya x apoa ecoy eeoc a pyeo. Opac a co oypee peyeca, o y oe p, ye co cp pao c oee epa pooca.

Opoc p, cax c eeooeco eeoc, oaa ceye o, oyae apye aaooe: apa oooce poca, oee oypeococooc; oeceee yco epe a oe p, ocy oao pepaeco ccee.

Ao ecy a pyeo acpace a, ocoeo a AH, yopy a peea Acpa Hoo ea pepo 40 cpaax. o pye oxooeaco peoe a ee opy ce ao, oeceax peoae opo pyx oepecx oepa. Aoe pcyce ocox pox acox epax, pecaeca a pyx ex pax oepa apy. epe y opy ce AH oeceae pee ceo aoce ycy o oepa eeoc cox acpacx ooeacx eo.
Haxoac aao Acpa caac eca peyceae eepa cpoea oa a p ooa aao pacpe cox eyapox ce oee 30 e aa. o ooa oxoo oa ocyae -a pa. Hapy c aoee py ec oecy oep oa T epc T Ka pacoaae aa yae, Hope, acae, aya Hoo ee,
Caype, Taae A.

Ka ceapyec a papaoe yooox ex aox ecopoe. , oa oa yacoaa cpoece oeo a pyeo, oa ceoaa ya a py acpac ea. Teep e aea ac ee pao ocyecec o aaa pyx eyapox oa, o 2/3 oea ax pao pooc a ee coce ce. Heao pa paa eep a poeee ee- aopapaoo Kaae Ceepo ope.

Koa Hop, oa ee XIX ., oae eey pyy, ypa, e ooo, a ae ee ope ecopapao Acpa, ee py o oe a e, papaaae ae eeo py
Kaae, eo py ooa Apee, yacye ocax eaecx py a pae. Ooo 25% paeaeo e aoepoo aaa axoc a peea Acpa. Oepa Hop a acpac ceaca oooc, paoa a pyeo, popea e o.
Koa ee popay oea ceaca, acoc co ee
Kaao.

Koa B poyoy, aa paeaeo ece ype, c aaa 90-x oo aeo pacpa co oepa o opoay apyex cpaax, ocoy cao Acpa oooc . Koa ocyeca ec oycp 17 cpa, o ce A Epoe, a ae Apee Hoo ea.
ac cox pe oa oyae Acpa, o paccae ae o oya x ocoo -a pa.

Koa ex opace poeoc, oope oepac cpyyp ee, aacy aey ac coe eeoc epeopepy a apyee cpa, ocoy pooee cox oepa Acpa ca eae eo. Oao o e oaae ooo pepae aoc cao Acpa. aco oee eee pooca epeeac a pay, a oee opoocoe ocac cpae. Hepeo epeapoae a pye coae yco epe pye cep eeoc cao Acpa.

ye ep ec pyee oae o poocy pooocex oapo e oo Acpa, o o ce acpaoaaco peoe. Cpec opec eyapo xapaep, oa paepya co poocey opoo-pacpeeey ce oee e 40 cpaax. Oeo, o e poo epaoaa coe eeoc oa e oac ex ycexo.

Bopacaee cooae epoo oep epea ooe acpac pa, ecpy co aa a pae, coxpa eoope eeoc Acpa. Hapep, acpa aaepc op. ee co pep oe, Maa, CA
Beae. opaooo epa Acpa epcoa peae poe e acoc o oo, e o o.

Bao po ec acpacx p a pyeo c e oo opeoc ocaax cooaeceo poy ocya p ee cooa, o coae ycoo poo ce. o ocoeo oocc oee coo exooec epeoo .

AHKA - , opepoaa oe pa, pooa a aoe Meype cooaecee eaopeye . Ee cop opoc pepo c 30% oea pooca 1991 . o o 100% acoee pe. Koa ocyece opoocoe oca ocyae oopyoa o pa, epa, A CA.

pooee acpacx p a pay aco oeae cpaeec co c apye pa. Ooe pocpac o eopax coae o peypx eox cx o oca ooopo ey pa o aooo coeco eeoc. peaa eoopx pyx opox poeo (apep, opooae poeoc pacpyype) opayc ca. ocee aco pea eoope oee ee cpee o paepa acpace p acoo yac poee, o a pyx ycox o x eooo.

Beca a ye ca pooa opaca o coe aoc ee acpace ec eeya aa. Hoe exoo poecc oaa cepee opao a epeay a a paccoe, ocoeo c oo epea. Acpace yee aee, pee ceo ce, coy opaec oooc, ecpy co eeya aa apyee yee aee ye opaa coecx pep.

O aoee ax o pae copa eeyaoo aaa ec Moac yepce (. Meyp), ca py y
Acpa, oop opaye poo yee ypc a pae. K 2003 . o aepeaec coa oay ce oye, paccay a ce ax popa. apyee ec yepcea aee a o, o cea eo po oye pooo ypo. peoaaec cooa cay oce opaoaey opaoy exoo, opac p o a ce epo, o ce ypeex coeco c py ye aee.

Co ep yepcec opoo e Acpa Moac yepce ocoa coe Maa Kyaa yype. Eo coae cao c aepee aacoo paeca peo o opaoae ypoe acee cpa. Moac yepce co coe copo peceoa e opaoa oo eyapo ep oye ayocceoaeco pao.

epce oo Kcea (. Taya) ec po epo o opaa ceo opaoa a pacco. oee 2/3 cex eo cyeo, a eo ce 3 c. o cye, poae a peea
Acpa 17 cpaax. pe cyeo opaoa ye poecc ooa c c apye ye aee.

epce ap Cp ee xopoo opaoae yee ep
Aap-Booa, axepce, ao Baa-Bara. O ae peaae ycy c oo epea acpac apye . ocee peac yee o eocpeceo ca yepceo, o epe yeoe aeee (oe yepce) x coceo cpae.
epce ap Cp co ocoy aay pacpe popa oye Acpa a ee peea c oo cce epea ycaoe oee ecx ooe c apye ye ypee.

3.

pecae oop ceecye o cepex cax cpyype acpaco oo aeo yce ee o a poo ooeco apee ocee ece XX . o cyecy Acpa e yyca oo oooc, opaec c c oaae poo oo oppoae ee ox, opaox ep.
-----------------------

[1] Press Release. Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, 03.08.2000

[2] , ,

[3] Composition of Trade Australia 1998. Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. June 1999. P. 5-7.

[4] Trade Winds? Briefing for business. December 1999.
Departme???????????????????? ?????????????
??????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????nt of Foreign
Affairs and Trade. P. 25.

[5] Press Release, 31.07.2000

[6] Foreign Direct Investment: the Benefits for Australia. Canberra,
1999. P. 36.

[7] Ibid. P. 37.


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