In the early days of history (50-450) England was
known as Britain and the people who
lived there were the Britons. There were no big towns on the British Isles at
that time. People lived in small villages along the rivers or near the sea. The
Britons caught fish, grew wheat and had many pigs, cows and sheep in the
meadows near the rivers and on the sides of the mountains. Later they learned
to make things of wool and metal and sold them to the people who came across
The Romans with Julius Caesar at the head invaded the
British Isles and forced the population to pay tribute.
The Romans kept their armies in Britain. They built
roads and had the country under control.
They protected themselves from the attacks of the
Britons by the walls which they built across Britain.
You can see the Roman walls in Britain even now. Here
is Hadrian's Wall which was built by the emperor Hadrian in the year 122.
The Romans left the country only in the second half of
the 5th century. The Roman armies were called back to Italy where they defended
the country from barbaric peoples.
n римлянинBritish Isles—Британские островаan invader—завоевательto protect—защищатьthe Britons—бриттыto invade—завоевывать